What are Insomnia Symptoms and Signs?

Insomnia is a sleep disorder, and the primary symptom is the inability to sleep. When you suffer from insomnia, you may be unable to go to sleep despite feeling fatigue. You may go to sleep but continuously wake up during the night or awaken earlier than you intended in the morning.

While the signs of insomnia are pretty straightforward, there are a number of secondary symptoms you may experience as a result of not being able to sleep. These symptoms include:

  • Feeling tired when you wake up
  • Daytime sleepiness or fatigue
  • Inability to concentrate or focus
  • Depression or anxiety
  • Tension headaches
  • Gastrointestinal distress
  • Increased anxiety as bedtime approaches
  • Poor motor control
  • Reduced mental acuity

Who’s at Risk for Insomnia?

Although insomnia can affect anyone at anytime, the condition affects men slightly more than women. You are also at a greater risk of experiencing insomnia if you travel a lot, frequently change shifts at work, or use drugs or alcohol. Seniors, pregnant women, menopausal women, and students also have a greater risk for experiencing insomnia.

Diagnosing Insomnia

Medical professionals can generally diagnose insomnia based on your reported symptoms. Although knowing the root cause of your sleep disorder is not necessary to properly diagnose it as insomnia, knowing why you are experiencing insomnia can help immensely in formulating an effective treatment plan. Insomnia can be caused by a number of things including stress, consumption of stimulant substances before bedtime, Restless Leg Syndrome, chronic pain, parasomnias like nightmares or sleepwalking, neurological or medical disorders, and hormonal changes.


Depending on the cause and severity, your doctor may prescribe anything from lifestyle changes to medication to treat your insomnia. If your healthcare provider recommends sleep medications, you must be careful about what you take. Some sleep cures are worse than the disease because they can be addictive or cause side effects. We reviewed hundreds of products and found a few natural insomnia treatment options that will help you fall asleep and stay asleep without unpleasant side effects.